Token guide

What is DAI and MakerDAO?

DAI cryptocurrency shines as a stable light in the often unpredictable world of crypto, anchored to the Ethereum blockchain. It is supported by a robust $10.6 billion in crypto assets. This shows how much trust the MakerDAO community has in it. MakerDAO leads in digital investments, making DAI a match for the US dollar's stability.

This digital money is more than a safe spot within the Ethereum world. It marks a big shift towards decentralized finance. And it does this while avoiding the usual market ups and downs.

Key Takeaways

  • DAI's stability is ensured by being backed by over $10.6 billion in crypto assets as of August 2022.
  • An impressive market capitalization growth reflects DAI's robustness, escalating from $100 million to $7.5 billion within two years.
  • The MakerDAO system enforces a high collateralization standard, maintaining overcollateralization to buffer against market volatility.
  • MKR token's vital role in governance and the system's health is depicted by its substantial market cap and concentrated voting power.
  • DAI offers a Dai Savings Rate enabling users to earn returns, fostering a compelling case for it as a digital asset investment.
  • MakerDAO's platform showcases the largest circulating supply of a crypto-backed stablecoin, highlighting its widespread adoption.
  • The MKR token enables democratic governance, allowing holders to influence stability fees and protocol proposals effectively.

Understanding DAI Cryptocurrency and Its Position in the Market

The crypto market has grown with stablecoins leading the change. These aim to offer a steady way to trade. DAI is special because it keeps its value steady in a unique way.

The Concept of Stablecoins

Stablecoins are key in the crypto world. They promise less ups and downs in value. This is because they are tied to stable things like fiat money.

This makes them good for daily use and a safe option during market chaos.

DAI's Role as a Decentralized Stablecoin

DAI is different because it is not controlled by one group. It has kept its value close to the USD since 2017. This is thanks to having more assets than the amount it's worth.

MakerDAO made DAI in 2014, leading to a big step in DeFi. DAI is unique because it is backed by different assets, not just cash like others.

In March 2020, DAI's price went up during the famous market crash but then went back to normal. This showed DAI can adjust and stay stable even when times are tough. DAI's worth is at $4.7 billion, showing people trust it.

MakerDAO lets people who own MKR tokens make decisions. This makes DAI more reliable. DAI attracts those looking for transparency, resilience, and value in community opinion.


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The Ethereum Blockchain and Its Significance to DAI

Ethereum, born in 2015, didn't just launch another digital currency. It introduced a game-changing technology for decentralized finance. Through smart contracts, it supports DAI, showing Ethereum's key role in this field. This partnership proves how crucial Ethereum is for the growth and stability of digital currencies like DAI.

Smart Contracts and Their Role in DAI

DAI stands out in the crypto world for its stability, thanks to Ethereum's smart contracts. These contracts handle the complex tasks needed to keep DAI stable. This teamwork between Ethereum's smart contracts and DAI ensures DAI remains a trusted name in decentralized finance.

Ethereum's Impact on DAI's Stability and Security

Ethereum's arrival brought a new era in technology, much like the rapid spread of the internet. It made innovations like DeFi flash loans possible. DAI uses Ethereum’s security to assure its stability with a strong market cap history. Together, Ethereum and DAI are pushing toward a new kind of financial system, one that's secure and stable without relying on traditional banks.

An In-depth Look at MakerDAO's Formation and Growth

In the world of decentralized finance (DeFi), MakerDAO is a trailblazer. It was started by Danish entrepreneur Rune Christensen. Think of it as a small idea in 2014 that grew into a big deal in blockchain.

December 2017 was big for MakerDAO because they launched the DAI cryptocurrency. This stablecoin is like the US dollar but based on blockchain. It's safe and stable because it's backed by a lot of collateral.

Even when the price of Ether dropped in early 2018, DAI stayed stable as the name implies. It's only had a small 3% price change from its goal. This shows how well DAI was made.

The Maker token (MKR) is key for running MakerDAO. Holding MKR lets people vote on decisions. MKR is also scarce, which adds to MakerDAO's value. Plus, there's a rule that keeps things safe by making sure there's always more collateral than loans.

Thanks to MakerDAO, DAI is a top choice on DeFi platforms like Aave and Uniswap. MakerDAO keeps getting better by listening and making changes. It works openly on the Ethereum blockchain, which means anyone can check it out.

  • DAI is good at staying close to $1. It’s a stable choice in the unpredictable crypto world.
  • MKR holders get to help make decisions. This way, the system is fair and free from middlemen.

The story of MakerDAO is more than just starting something or building a company. It's about setting big goals, using technology, and bringing people together to create something that lasts. As Rune Christensen planned, MakerDAO sparked a movement in decentralized finance that's made a lasting mark.

DAI Cryptocurrency: How It Maintains Dollar Parity

The digital asset world is known for its ups and downs. However, DAI stands out as a symbol of price stability. It keeps its value close to the dollar thanks to a smart system called collateralization by MakerDAO. Let's look at how DAI stays on par with the US dollar.

Collateralization: The Backbone of DAI's Stability

DAI keeps its dollar peg through something called collateralization. People must store more cryptocurrency, like Ether, in MakerDAO's smart contracts. This extra collateral ensures that each DAI is well-supported, making it strong against the wild swings in the crypto market. DAI stands out by using different crypto assets for collateral, building trust and solidity.

The Mechanism of Price Stability via Smart Contracts

To keep DAI stable, there's a clever system of smart contracts. They adjust DAI's supply to keep it equal to the dollar. These contracts use decentralized oracles to monitor the USD value of the collateral. If the value goes too low, MakerDAO steps in to sell off some assets. This keeps the system liquid and DAI stable.

Stablecoin Market Capitalization (July 2023) Market Capitalization (August 2023) % Change
Tether (USDT) $83 billion $83 billion 0%
USD Coin (USDC) $28 billion $14 billion -50%
Multi-Collateral DAI (DAI) $4.7 billion $4.7 billion 0%
Binance USD (BUSD) $4.1 billion $3.3 billion -19.51%
USDP Dollar (USDP) $990 million $505 million -48.99%

DAI has done well in tough times, as the table shows. This is because of its collateralization method and smart contracts. These elements are key to DAI's steady market value.

The focus on DAI dollar parity tells us a lot. It connects risky crypto with stable fiat money. Also, DAI shows the possibilities with blockchain for better financial stability. Clearly, DAI is more than just another stablecoin. It reflects MakerDAO's goal and the future of stable digital money.

Exploring the Governance of MakerDAO

The MKR Token and Its Utility

The MKR token is key to MakerDAO's governance. It has many uses beyond just ownership. It lets holders vote on important proposals. These affect the MakerDAO system's rules, like stability fees and collateral types.

Such governance makes the MKR token a big influencer in the protocol's direction. It's also used to keep the system financially healthy. This includes paying fees and being burnt to decrease the money supply. This ensures its value over time.

DAIEUR price history

Community Involvement in MakerDAO's Decision-Making Process

In MakerDAO, community decision-making is more than just voting. It shows a close relationship between the platform and its users. For example, creating Collateralized Debt Positions (CDPs) to make DAI shows this interdependency.

The system has a debt ceiling and uses automatic market makers for trading. This shows the community's role in keeping the system stable. DAI's stability and the chance to earn interest through the Dai Savings Rate (DSR) attract digital asset investment. This is thanks to the DAO's collective governance.

Comparing DAI with Other Stablecoin Technologies

In the world of digital money, many stablecoins are out there. But DAI cryptocurrency is unique. It is a decentralized stablecoin. It combines cryptocurrency technology with a smart, collateral-backed system. This sets DAI apart from other stablecoins.

DAI has been stable in price, as it should as a stable coin. Since starting in 2017, DAI has stayed strong. For instance, in 2018, even when Ether dropped 80% in value, DAI kept close to $1. In March 2024, its price even grew a little, to about $1. The price can momentarily increase above $1 peg if there is a lot of demand for DAI.

DAI is big in the market with over $5 billion market cap, placing it 24th among cryptocurrencies. It's top among Ethereum-based alternative stablecoins. DAI is made on the MakerDAO DApp. Users give Ether as collateral. It is different from centralized stablecoins like Tether and USD Coin.

Stablecoin Category Example Collateral Type Decentralization Level Market Cap
Off-chain Collateral Tether (USDT) Fiat Currency Centralized Over $100bn
On-chain Collateral DAI Cryptocurrency (Ether) Decentralized Over $5bn
Off-chain Collateral USD Coin (USDC) Fiat Currency Centralized Over $30bn

DAI aims to keep a stable value, linked one-to-one with the U.S. dollar. It uses crypto as collateral, avoiding the pitfalls of fiat-backed stablecoins. DAI leads in using crypto technology for stability.

DAI's system protects against the ups and downs of the crypto market. Users put in more cryptocurrency to get DAI. This keeps DAI stable and reliable for any transaction.

  • DAI ensures over-collateralization, cushioning the effects of cryptocurrency price swings.
  • To generate DAI, users deposit Ethereum-based assets into a Maker collateral vault, ensuring security for the borrowed DAI.
  • The collateral value must exceed the DAI issued, safeguarding the stablecoin's stability and dollar peg.

DAI's stable value, based on strong collateral, places it ahead of fiat-based options. It offers a safe, clear, and decentralized choice. This changes how we see cryptocurrency stability.


DAI cryptocurrency is making big waves in the digital money world. It stands out as a leader in decentralized stablecoin technology. MakerDAO created DAI, aiming to keep its value stable at $1. This goal matters, especially when the crypto market gets shaky, like when ETH prices drop sharply. Because of its stability, DAI and MakerDAO are key players in the push to get DeFi accepted by the mainstream.

MakerDAO's approach is all about openness and giving power to users. This is seen in how it runs and uses the MKR token, making a strong system that supports financial freedom. DAI works well with Ethereum and other apps, making it important in the stablecoin world. People trust DAI for sending money across borders without fees. This trust has grown its market cap and community support since it started in 2017.

As new projects like Facebook's Libra come up, and big names like JPMorgan look into digital money, DAI's importance is clear. It's appealing because of its stable economy and easy use, but also because it fits with the goals of decentralized finance. DAI and MakerDAO have hugely impacted how we see digital money and stablecoins. They're not just talking about new kinds of money but are changing our financial system for the better, enabling global economic growth.


What is DAI cryptocurrency?

DAI cryptocurrency is a type of stablecoin that's built on the Ethereum blockchain. It aims to keep its value close to one US dollar. MakerDAO manages it using smart contracts. These contracts help keep it stable and secure.

Who governs and manages DAI?

MakerDAO, a group run by its community and MKR token owners, governs and manages DAI. It uses smart contracts on Ethereum to handle the stablecoin.

What makes a stablecoin 'decentralized'?

A decentralized stablecoin like DAI doesn't have a single entity in control. Instead, its operations, governance, and stability are managed by smart contracts on the blockchain. This makes its processes open and fair.

How does DAI maintain its peg to the US dollar?

DAI stays equal to the US dollar by a method called overcollateralization. Users must deposit more value in cryptocurrency than the DAI they receive. Smart contracts manage this system to keep DAI backed by enough assets, no matter the market conditions.

What is the role of smart contracts in DAI's ecosystem?

In the world of DAI, smart contracts are key. They handle the making, backing, and removing of DAI. They set the rules for keeping its value steady with the US dollar. And they take care of the liquidation process whenever it's needed.

What is the significance of the Ethereum blockchain to DAI?

The Ethereum blockchain is vital for DAI. It provides a secure, clear, and strong base for running the many smart contracts. These contracts keep the stablecoin working smoothly.

How did MakerDAO come into existence?

Rune Christensen started MakerDAO in 2014. He wanted to create a decentralized financial system with blockchain and smart contract tech. Now, it's a big name in DeFi, with DAI as its main product.

What is the role of the MKR token within the MakerDAO ecosystem?

The MKR token lets its holders vote on changes to MakerDAO. It's a way for them to be involved in deciding how DAI works and how it's managed.

How does DAI differ from other stablecoins like Tether or USDC?

DAI is different because it's not backed by cash reserves. Instead, it uses various cryptos as collateral. Its workings are open and run on automation on the blockchain. This shows its decentralized nature.

How does community decision-making impact the MakerDAO and DAI ecosystem?

The community's decisions are key for MakerDAO. MKR token owners vote on important decisions like what collateral is okay, fees, and upgrades. This keeps the DAI ecosystem in line with what its users want.

Can you compare DAI's technology with other stablecoin technologies?

DAI stands out because it uses a lot of crypto for collateral and has no central control. Other stablecoins usually have cash backing and one entity in charge. DAI's way is open and runs on Ethereum, setting it apart as a decentralized option.


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